Climate refugees are increasing as more people lose their homes and livelihoods to climate hazards. India is one the most vulnerable countries, and it is currently suffering from the effects of the severe climate crisis. Extreme weather events are threatening the lives of people living along the shoreline. The coastline has been affected by severe erosion over the past 26 years. Climate resilience can only be built with the right policy support.
Homo Sapiens are the product of past climatic changes. We are adapted for different climates. Different physiological adaptations have been developed over time by both humans and different animal species (teeth, paw shapes). Our modern societies and structures have been shaped and evolved due to changing climate patterns. John McNeill (2013), a historian explained how the region’s specific geography and its environment strongly influence a region’s politics. Different theories (Daoudy 2020), claim that societies were made powerful by their geographic position, access to the ocean, and temperate climate. Drought and landlocked regions were also easy targets of military and political control. In his book The Mainsprings of CivilizationEllsworth Huntington pointed to the fact that droughts in earlier societies led to severe food shortages, and that poor management of these food shortages led eventually to widespread famine. (Daoudy 2020; Huntington 1995). We are shaping the environment in the same way that it has shaped us since the advent of the agricultural revolution. The industrial revolution has also had a significant impact upon climate change. From 1880, the earths average surface temperature has been rising by 0.07C in every decade.
From a geological standpoint, this change is normal. The environment has been changing over time. The impact of human activities on nature is everywhere, and it has shaped the local, regional, and global environments. Since the beginning, greenhouse gas emissions have primarily been linked to the burning of fossil fuels. This has contributed to the increase in global temperature. The alarming rate of change, coupled with frequent natural disasters, exposed the lack of information and knowledge in the area of nature, and the environment. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), was created in 1988 to assess, analyze, and share the current state of technical, scientific, and socio-economic information about climate change. For complete, accessible and unbiased research on the most urgent issue of our times, scientists and policymakers joined forces.