Globally, the number of vehicles has increased over the last decade. They allow for easy transportation but have a slowly increasing impact on our health and the environment. Vehicles use fuels, which emit pollutants such as nitrogen oxides or carbon dioxide. These emissions can have a serious impact on the quality of the air. Recent research shows that the road transportation sector emits around 123,000,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide each year. Moreover, the high use of crude oil and other fuels further depletes natural resource.
Worldwide reforms have been initiated due to the increasing levels of pollution. Organizations are working to reduce the loss of natural resources through eco-friendly practices. In the wake of the imminent environmental crisis, India joined the 2015 Paris Climate Summit. It pledged to adhere to the climate goals over the next ten-years. The gradual adoption of battery powered electronic mobility was driven by the need to limit the exhaustion natural resources.
Unlike internal combustion engine vehicle (ICEVs), electric automobiles (EVs), which reduce emissions and offer low-cost mobility options, offer lower costs than ICEVs. The battery segment of the mobility market reduces dependence on fossil fuels by providing energy security.
Despite facing many setbacks such as supply chain issues, and lack of support from higher levels like state and central government the electric vehicle industry quickly gained acceptance within the transportation sector. The battery revolution made the electric vehicle market a lucrative one for both the government and the automobile manufacturers. Manufacturers are slowly shifting to low-cost, clean mobility solutions that have revolutionized the Indian transport market.
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Here are some of these significant environmental benefits of EVs.
– Vehicles with internal combustion engine (ICE) emit huge amounts of carbon dioxide. They burn petrol and diesel for fuel. This causes global warming and affects the environment. However, electric vehicles such as cars, bikes and scooters are powered by electric power.
– Electric vehicles have fewer moving parts than traditional vehicles. This reduces friction and creates a silent experience. Electric vehicles reduce fossil fuel consumption and provide seamless transportation.
Fully automatic electric vehicles use a cleaner source of energy. The Nordic countries have seen a reduction in their use of fuels for power generation and vehicle operation, which has led to more environmentally friendly areas. This can eventually be achieved in all countries through the gradual adoption and use of electric vehicles.
– Global warming is 51% more likely for internal combustion engine vehicles than for battery electric vehicles. Electric vehicles have a significant advantage in that they emit almost no emissions, which results in a lower road temperature. This also helps to reduce global warming.
– Electric vehicle manufacturers are increasingly using eco-friendly production methods. In the long-term, carbon neutrality will be further enhanced by gradual adoption of recyclable materials for electric vehicles.
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The gradual adoption across borders of electric vehicles
Wide-spread adoption is crucial to reduce the environmental impact of global warming. China has a greater number of electric cars than India, the UK and the US. However, China’s large coal power plants are a major contributor in the growing environmental degradation and pollution. The gradual adoption of electric cars by large countries such as India can reduce carbon emissions.
Research shows that India’s ICE vehicles will emit carbon dioxide at 721 tonnes per year by 2025. It is urgent to adopt eco-friendly modes of transportation that help in energy security. India’s government has taken steps to reverse the negative impact on the environment by introducing the PLI scheme (Production-Linked Incentive).
It offers incentives on hydrogen fuel cell and electric vehicles with advanced technology components. Production of electric vehicles is possible only with lithium cells, which account for 40-60% of the final product costs. Electric vehicles are difficult to afford due to limited availability of lithium batteries. The PLI scheme will help major players in lithium battery production to increase their availability. Electric vehicles will be more affordable and accessible to a greater percentage of the population.
With the growing concern about pollution and environmental degradation, the transportation segment is slowly moving to electric vehicles. Wide-spread adoption will reduce the depletion and pollution. In the next few years, technological advancements and government initiatives will continue to boost the growth of electric vehicle manufacturing.
Sushant K., CEO & MD at Amo Mobility, wrote this article. All views are entirely personal.