As COP26 opens in Glasgow, we provide the soundtrack, ranging from Gojira’s metal fury to gorgeous environmental paeans by Childish Gambino, Neil Young, and Joni Mitchell
19. David Axelrod, “The Warnings Part 1” (1970)
The 1970 album Earth RotThe award for the most unique environmental protest record is won by a 22-minute orchestrated, jazz-rock song suite featuring a choir singing lyrics from Najavo and the Bible. Opener “The Warnings Part 1” is simultaneously luscious, chilled, and disturbing, propelled by a funk undertow and like nothing else.
18. Common, Malik Yusef, Kumasi featuring Aaron Fresh, Choklate, Laci Kay, “Trouble in the Water.” (2014)
Hip-hop isn’t big on environmental protest (see Pitbull’s album Global Warming, the title track of which is literally about how great Pitbull’s private jet is) but Common’s collaboration with, among others, Kanye West’s producer Malik Yusef is terrific: military beats; smart, witty lyrics; harsh electronics; a chorus that’s forbidding and catchy.
17. Dead Kennedys, “Moon Over Marin” (1982)
Musically influenced by the Sex Pistols, but venturing into lyrical areas where the initial wave of British punk seldom stepped—Crass’s anti-nuclear “Contaminational Power” notwithstanding—”Moon Over Marin” imagines a nocturnal swim on a polluted California beach, frontman Jello Biafra sounding bug-eyed with horror at the unpleasantness of it all.
16. The Beach Boys, “A Day in the Life of a Tree” (1971)
An environmentalist strain runs through the Beach Boys’ 70s oeuvre, from “Don’t Go Near the Water” to Dennis Wilson’s “River Song.” But it never yielded more peculiar fruit than this, an impossibly sombre song memorably described by the late Ian McDonald as “so radically at odds with pop’s now ubiquitous irony that you either laugh or become humbled by its pained candor.”
15. The Weather Station, “Atlantic” (2021)
Like Weyes Blood’s Titanic Rising, the Weather Station’s IgnoranceThis is an extraordinary album that is inspired by the imminent ecological doom rather than directly about it. Gentle, but twitchy, “Atlantic” finds singer-songwriter Tamara Lindeman gazing at the loveliness of the titular ocean, wine in hand, trying and failing to forget impending disaster.
14. Cerrone, “Supernature” (1977)
Perhaps the weirdest disco hit of all: 10 minutes of Giorgio Moroder-ish synths, mock-classical keyboard flourishes, four-to-the-floor beats and … a lyric (by Lene Lovich) that appears to predict GM farming, cautions against mankind’s arrogance and hubris, and ends with the human race being slaughtered by “creatures from below.” It made the Top 10.
13. Talking Heads, “(Nothing But) Flowers” (1988)
Its music influenced by Congolese soukous, (Nothing But) Flowers is a typically complex, witty examination of a post-apocalyptic “Garden of Eden” where nature has taken over: “If this is paradise,” protests the narrator, who’s previously wished for precisely this scenario, “I wish I had a lawnmower.”
12. Hawkwind, “We Took the Wrong Step Years Ago” (1971)
Amid the motorik space-rock and experimentation of Hawkwind’s In Search of Space lurks this: a psych-y ballad, heavy on the 12-string guitar and fatalistic lyrics—very much in line with the era’s sobering ecological tracts “Limits to Growth” and “The Closing Circle”—that thrillingly bursts into frantic synth-assisted jamming midway through.
11. REM, “Fall on Me” (1986)
“Fall on Me” sounds gorgeous—mistily autumnal, ringed with lovely counter-melodies and plangent guitar—but its lyric shifts from oblique to incisive. Its best line perfectly sums up the still-ongoing desire to avoid the seriousness of environmental issues that face us: “There’s the progress we have found: a way to talk around the problem.”
10. Anohni, “4 Degrees” (2015)
On the face of it, “4 Degrees” appears to be straightforward condemnation, written from the perspective of a climate crisis denier: in fact, its author said, it was about her, “not my aspirations but my behaviors, revealing my insidious complicity.” Either way, it’s really potent: battering rhythms, ominous electronics, triumphant strings.
9. Spirit, “Nature’s Way” (1970)
Apparently inspired by Cleveland’s polluted Cuyahoga River bursting into flames in June 1969, Nature’s Way is haunting: harmony-laden west coast acoustic rock turned deeply uneasy and foreboding (“something’s wrong”). The 1991 cover by This Mortal Coil—beautifully orchestrated, sung by Alison Limerick—is also worth hearing: radically different, equally powerful.
8. Gojira, “Amazonia” (2021)
Heavy metal is a genre that loves an apocalyptic scenario. Everyone from Ozzy Osbourne and Architects, to Metallica and Napalm Death have addressed the topic. “Amazonia,” a highlight of Gojira’s acclaimed Fortitudealbum, is a fierce example: the destruction and repercussions of the rainforests are extolled to a monumental riff.
7. The Jimi Hendrix Experience, “Up from the Skies” (1967)
Ecology didn’t really establish itself as a topic in pop until the early 70s: there’s something almost eerily prescient about this jazzy single, on which the sci-fi obsessed Hendrix had aliens return to Earth for the first time in thousands of years and note the “smell of a world that has burned”—“maybe it’s a change of climate.”
6. Childish Gambino, “Feels Like Summer” (2018)
“Feels Like Summer” is a fabulous bluff of a single: a hazy afternoon slow jam—gently strummed guitar, falsetto vocals, flute, released alongside the more straightforward “Summertime Magic”—that gradually reveals itself to be about a subject noticeably bigger, darker and more fraught than lazing in the heat.
5. Funkadelic, “Maggot Brain” (1971)
“Maggot Brain” opens with a monologue by George Clinton—“Mother Earth is pregnant … for y’all have knocked her up … rise above it all or drown in [your] own shit”—but its power as a protest song is all about the next 10, instrumental minutes and Eddie Hazel’s incredible, desolate guitar solo.
4. Pixies, “Monkey Gone to Heaven” (1989)
It’s a compelling and very inspiring story. Pixies take on environmentalism, in which the ozone layer and ocean pollution somehow get bound up with Hebrew numerology, the latter provoking a burst of Black Francis’s patent, never-not-thrilling screaming. Elliptical enough that late-’80s indie disco-goers might have missed the point, “Monkey Gone to Heaven” has rightly endured.
3. Neil Young, “After the Gold Rush” (1970)
Neil Young is one of rock’s most dogged green campaigners but he never wrote a more affecting song on the subject than “After the Gold Rush,” a fragile sci-fi parable, imbued with a shattered morning-after-the-’60s atmosphere and home to his most famous line on the subject: “Look at Mother Nature on the run in the 1970s.”
2. Marvin Gaye, “Mercy Mercy Me (The Ecology)” (1971)
A litany of woes informed the song-cycle of “What’s Going On”—Vietnam, racism, police brutality—but Marvin Gaye saved the album’s loveliest tune for the song about environmental destruction: there’s something almost disconcerting about the way the melody’s airiness and the subtleness of the backing clashes with the lyric’s hopelessness.
1. Joni Mitchell, “Big Yellow Taxi” (1970)
It’s not a protest anthem in the vein of “We Shall Overcome” or “Give Peace a Chance”—you don’t hear people chanting its lyrics on marches—but the most enduring song about what came to be called “green issues”: covered by Bob Dylan, sampled by Janet Jackson, still a radio staple 50 years on. It was written on a late 60s trip to Hawaii—home to the Foster Botanical Gardens, AKA the lyrics’ “tree museum”—and partly influenced by Rachel Carson’s anti-pesticide tract Silent Spring, or at least the furore it caused. Mitchell’s anti-globalization/industrialization/corporate message transcends its era, partly because of its buoyantly sweet melody but mostly due to the timeless simplicity of its key line: “You don’t know what you got til it’s gone.”