The Lancet, a weekly peer-reviewed general medical journal founded in 1823 by Thomas Wakley in Britain, is one of the most well-respected general medical journals in the globe. Along with 43 other respected academic institutions around the world and the United Nations, The Lancet publishes an important report called “the Lancet Countdown”Every year. The 2021 edition was written using 44 indicators to include findings about the global impacts of climate change on human well-being. According to the report, the excessive warming caused global climate change could lead to serious health risks for 3.1 billion people around the globe, which is close to 8 billion. It identifies that 626 million people are at risk, especially those who are over 65 and those under 1.
According to the report there was a potential loss in workforce of 295billion hours worldwide due to heatwaves. This is only for 2020. The heat waves of 2019 caused the deaths of 345,000 people 65 years and older. This means that the number who have died from extreme heat has increased by 80% since 2000. The average elevation of 5 meters (16.4 feet above sea level) is where 569,500,000,000 people live. A total of 570 million people are at risk from flooding, severe storms, and other infectious diseases due to the melting glaciers.
The economic side
Since 1980, the United States has lost more than $2 trillion to 308 major natural events. According to the United Nations World Meteorological Organization (WMO)From 1970 to 2018, nearly 2 million people were killed by natural disasters such typhoons or floods. This was an amount of almost $3.7 trillion. In 2017, natural disasters cost $485 billion. Insurance covered approximately $161 billion. For 2020, the same loss was $356 million. 4 million people died in 2019 from diseases caused by air pollution. $245 is the annual cost of treatment for people who have lost their health or unfortunately lost their lives because of climate change and air pollution.
The ratio of soil that was affected by drought in a given year was 5% from 2010 to 2010, but it has increased to 19% by 2020. Two billion people face the “food security” risk caused by climate change. Insufficient nutrition is putting 2 billion people at greater risk of various diseases. Between 1981 and 2010, the global climate change and drought caused a loss of agricultural production of 6% in corn, 5.8% soybean, 3.3% wheat, and 1.8% rice. International organizations and countries are conducting large-scale research on seed products that can grow with less water. This frightening picture could be dangerous for the entire world population if this data is not improved.
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