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UNESCO marks semicentennial anniversary for biosphere preservation

UNESCO marks semicentennial anniversary for biosphere preservation

UNESCO marks semi-centennial anniversary of biosphere preservation
Monday was the 50th anniversary of the UN cultural agency. Since 1971, the Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) has been promoting a long-lasting link between people and the natural world.

This is a program for people, because people are part nature…so they are included in nature protection and also in sustainable use natural resources, said Miguel Clusener Godt, UN Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organizations.UNESCO) MAB Programme Secretary.


Where do we stand?

Today 727Biosphere reserves include nature conservation and sustainable growth in 131 countries, 22 of which are transboundary.

There are many African countries that have 86 sites31 countries; Arab States 35 sitesIn 14 countries; Asia and Pacific. 168 sites In 40 countries; Europe and North America 306 sitesIn 24 countries 132 sitesIn 24 Latin American countries and the Caribbean.

If bioreserves around the world were to be combined, Mr. Godt claimed that they would amount to approximately five per cent of the planet’s surface. This would be 6,812,000 km2 or about the size of Australia.


Tanzania’s diverse vegetation and unique fauna are just a few of the reasons why Tanzania is so special. Gombe Masito Ugalla Biosphere ReserveIt is also home of the largest chimpanzee population in the country. It includes the Gombe National Park and forest land reserves, as well as a portion of Lake Tanganyika.

The area is home to eight primate species, eight ornate and African frog species, and African elephants.

Flora here includes a species found in Gombe and named for it. Meanwhile, Lake Tanganyika’s biodiversity includes over 300 fish species, 250 bird and reptile species, as well as more than 300 fish species.

UNESCOThe Gombe Masito Ugalla Biosphere Reserve’s core area in Tanzania is rich in natural, scenic and cultural attributes. It also contains the largest chimpanzee population in the country.

Asia and the Pacific

In 1996, the Maolan in China was designated a biosphere reserve. It is located in Guizhou Province, in the Qiannan Buyi Autonomous Prefecture of Miao. It covers an area covering 20,000 hectares with a forest cover of 88.61%.

The rich biodiversity includes pheasants and magnolias, as well as hugging trees that cling to the rocks of the mountainscape.

Local Yao, Buyi, and Shui indigenous peoples respect their environment and live in harmony with the natural world. Because the trees provide them with vital resources they have been caring for the trees for over 1000 years.

Arab States

The 6,500-hectare Jabal Moussa biosphere preserve of Jabal Moussa, which is located on the western slopes of Mount Lebanon’s Mount Lebanon range, overlooks the Mediterranean Sea. This reserve includes the Mount of Moses, a significant site for Christian pilgrims as well as its seven villages.

The Jabal Moussas landscape has been preserved over the centuries and still conceals the marks of a region that was the meeting point of civilizations. Archaeologists are still trying to uncover them.

The biosphere reserve is located only 40 kilometers north-east Beirut. It is three times the size of the city and forms an ecological corridor along Lebanon’s mountainous backbone.

Latin America and the Caribbean

Baados del Este is located in south-east Uruguay and hosts a remarkable ecosystem that includes white sand beaches and dunes, lagoons and lagoons along the Atlantic Coast. It also houses a diverse wildlife that is almost intact on land as well as dunes and lagoons.

The biosphere reserve covers 12,500km2 of Uruguay’s eastern coast. It also houses Cerro Catedral, the highest peak in the United States.

This is a hidden gem among the dunes. It is the ideal spot to connect to nature and is one of the most visited in the biosphere reserve. The remote location means there is no local connection to landlines or local grid, but local residents can access mobile networks and the internet.


Spain’s El Hierro Biosphere Reserve, which is transitioning to clean energy, is an example of the ongoing efforts to live harmoniously with nature.

The biosphere reserves covers the entire island, as well as some of its waters. 60% of the island is included in the core zone and buffer zones.

El Hierro intends to generate 100 percent of its electricity using renewables.

The island has been home to at least 2,604 species flora, fauna, and the reserve is a refuge for friendly sea-faring mammals.

UNESCO El Hierro is a volcanic island in Spain that has an incredibly diverse landscape with a wide variety of plant and animal life.

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