Now Reading
World’s poorest bear brunt of climate crisis: 10 underreported emergencies | Global development

World’s poorest bear brunt of climate crisis: 10 underreported emergencies | Global development

Humanitarian aid from the Red Cross is distributed in Donetsk, Ukraine, March 2021.

From Afghanistan to EthiopiaIn 2021, approximately 235 million people around the world needed assistance. Some crises receive global attention, but others are less well known.

Humanitarian organisation Care InternationalThe annual report of the 10 least well-known countries in five languages worldwide in 2021 was published by the organization. However, each country has more than 1 million people who have been affected by conflict or climate catastrophes.

The findings, from a collaboration between the charity and international media monitoring service Meltwater, highlighted how the accelerating climate crisis is fuelling many of the world’s emergencies, said Laurie Lee, CEO of Care International UK.

“There is deep injustice at the heart of it. The world’s poorest are bearing the brunt of climate change – poverty, migration, hunger, gender inequality and ever more scarce resources – despite having done the least to cause it,” he said. “Add Covid-19 into the mix and we see decades of progress towards tackling inequality, poverty, conflict and hunger disappearing before our eyes.”

This year, the number of people who need humanitarian aid will rise to 274million, or one in 28. More than 84 million people have been displaced. Lee highlighted the impact of the UK’s 2021 foreign aid budget cuts, saying that it “resulted in over £166m less in humanitarian aid reaching the 10 countries mentioned in this report compared to 2019.”


First on the list Zambia has 1.2 million malnourished people and about 60% of the 18.4 million population living below the international poverty line of $1.90 (£1.40) a day. Women produce 60% of the country’s food supply, but families headed by women faced higher poverty rates than those headed by men.

Food insecurity has been primarily blamed in Zambia for the rise in food insecurity Drought for prolonged periodsNevertheless, flooding and rising corn prices have also contributed to this.


Current news amid Tensions between Russia and the West are returningAfter years of conflict, 3.4 million Ukrainians were in dire need of assistance in 2021.

Humanitarian aid from the Red Cross is distributed in Donetsk, Ukraine, March 2021.
March 2021: Donetsk (Ukraine) receives humanitarian aid from the Red Cross. Photograph: Alexander Usenko/EPA

“While a comprehensive political solution for the conflict is still not in sight, people in Eastern UkraineThey are daily forced to risk their lives. Along the 420-km ‘contact line’ that separates Ukrainian government-controlled territory from that of the separatists, the situation is particularly dangerous,” the report said.


17% of Malawians are facing food insecurity. severely malnourished. In the future, droughts and floods are expected to worsen. Cyclone Idai in 2019Harvests were severely affected and tens of thousands were forced to flee.

“The climate crisis is hitting people here earlier and much harder than the people of the global north,” said Chikondi Chabvuta, advocacy lead for Care International in Malawi. “We are already seeing real-life consequences with delayed rainfall, heavy and destructive rainfall, unpredictable rainfall patterns, infertile soil, destroyed harvests.”

Displaced people wait for food distribution in Central African Republic.
People fleeing rebel attacks at Bangassou are waiting for food distribution in Central African Republic (February 2021). Photograph: Adrienne Surprenant/AP

Central African Republic

In Central African Republic (CAR), civil war has exacerbated humanitarian crisis Half of the population faces food insecurity. A ceasefire agreement struck in October 2021 is fragile and more than 700,000 people have been internally displaced – more than half children. According to the Human Development Index, CAR ranks second in the world. “On average, a child attends school for just under four years, and girls for only three,” the report said. Around 30% of children work.


Guatemala is a country that faces many problems, including poverty, violence, and the climate crisis. Migratory route to Mexico and the US. Two-thirds of the population lives on less than $2/day, while 38% of the population is in food insecurity.

The report stated that many people live in the streets because the camps housing those returning from Mexico are overcrowded. Guatemala is considered one of the world’s most dangerous countriesThere were 3,500 murders in 2020 alone. “Although about 3.3 million people in the country rely on humanitarian aid, the frequent occurrence of violence is in many cases a barrier to accessing urgently needed assistance,” said the report.


Nearly 5,000,000 people live in this country Under the control of armed organizationsApproximately 6.7 million people rely on humanitarian aid.

The pandemic has led to food insecurity. It has impacted especially indigenous communities, including those who were internally displaced and 1.8million. Venezuelan refugeesMostly in northern Colombia.

Colombian Marine Infantry soldiers patrol the streets of Buenaventura, where members of the local armed group are fighting for control of drug trafficking in the area.
Colombian Marine Infantry soldiers patrol Buenaventura’s streets, where members from the local armed group fight for control over drug trafficking.Photograph: Luis Robayo/AFP/Getty Images


Ranked as the country that is receiving the least attention in 2020 BurundiIn 2021, 2.3 million of the 12.6million population needed humanitarian assistance. This was seventh.

See Also
Edgewater Park

Only 27% of $195m pledged in aid was received by the country. Extreme weatherBurundians faced many challenges, including hunger and political unrest. A country where 90% of the population relies on small-scale agriculture for their livelihood, only 33% of the land is suitable to cultivate. This is due to drought, floods, and landslides. The report also highlighted structural discrimination against women – 20% of those in Burundi’s decision-making bodies are female, while 60% of the agricultural workforce are women.


Climate disasters are extremely vulnerable in Niger. There have been persistent droughts and recurring floods in Niger. It can lead to catastrophic consequencesNearly 3 million people depend on humanitarian aid. Nearly half of all children below five years old are malnourished and 1.8 million children require food assistance.

Militias in the eastern and northern parts of the country NigerAs of September last year, 313,000 people had been forced to flee their homes. “Providing emergency relief is often hindered by the fact that infrastructure is destroyed, operation areas are marked by violence and rural areas are difficult to access,” the report said.


Zimbabwe is experiencing acute food insecurity due to increasingly extreme climate conditions and economic mismanagement. This has led to 6.6 million people needing humanitarian aid. More than a third (5.7 million) of Zimbabwe’s population lack sufficient food.

Heavy rains destroy crops in Zimbabwe, January 2022. The country suffers acute food insecurity.
January 2022: Zimbabwe is hit hard by heavy rains. The country is experiencing acute food insecurity.Photograph: Aaron Ufumeli/EPA

“The harvests in many rural areas are not sufficient to secure basic food supplies and other needs. In these regions, households must rely on local markets when supplies are depleted – but the prices there are Unaffordable for many,” the report said.


The humanitarian situation has been made worse by violence and poverty. HondurasMany people leave the country to seek better opportunities, which has led to many moving to the USA. A 2020 study found that 70% of the population lives below the poverty line.

There have been many problems with farming because of Drought, hurricanes and flooding. The country is home to 937,000 displaced persons, the highest concentration in Latin America.

“In Honduras, people therefore often talk about poverty being female, as it is mostly women who stay behind with the children,” the report said.

View Comments (0)

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.