Christian Aid warned that urban centers around the globe, including London, are in greater danger of running out fresh water due to rising populations and climate change.
According to a new report by an international development charity, the impact of climate change will be more severe as more people live within cities. This is partly due to the climate crisis as it eats away coastlines and livelihoods.
Sky News’ Patrick Watt, chief of the charity, said that there are people queuing in New Delhi for water and a rationing plan being implemented in Santiago, Chile. This is the right moment to “implement” the charity’s chief.[sound]”The alarm” – but he said that “there is still time for action”.
More than half (55%) of the world’s population resides in cities. The United Nations projects that this number will rise to 2/3 (68%) by 2050.
Although the earth covers more than 70% of its surface, only 3% is potable. Much of this water is frozen in glaciers or ice caps.
Christian Aid’s research indicates that global water use increased by more than twice as fast as population growth in the 20th century.
It warned water could be a trigger, weapon, and casualty in conflict. This was based on Ukraine’s diversion to Crimea of water supply after Russia annexed it.
Problem in Britain
The researchers found that water scarcity can cause the greatest hardship to the “poorest” people. However, the researchers also said that authorities in rich countries, such as the UK, are struggling with the climate crisis’ impact.
We see flooding in the rainy UK’s “main impact” on climate change. “Water scarcity is sometimes overlooked,” Mr Watt said. “But it will become a bigger issue.”
The Environment Agency of England has warned previously that water scarcity is a “ticking bomb”.
Sky News was told by an EA spokesperson that climate change “poses increasing risks to the availability of water”. It will “transform the manner we use and look after England’s water supplies” to increase resilience.
The EA estimates that England’s population will have to cut their water consumption by 110 litres per day, or 140 litres on average, to keep up with demand and supply. Climate change is changing temperatures, evaporation, water demand, and climate change.
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It gets worse
Mr Watt said, “If it is bad for us here it’s even worse to people closer the equator.”
New Delhi’s water supply is already difficult. Climate change will only exacerbate the existing water crisis, which has been caused by population growth, as well as the depletion groundwater supplies to irrigate crops, warns the report.
India has been burning more coal because of record temperatures and low rainfall since March.As a result, a surge of air conditioning has created a power crisis.
Christian Aid is calling for rich countries and other wealthy countries to send cash to assist poorer countries. These countries are often the least polluted, so they can better adapt to climate change’s impacts. As rising sea levels cause flooding and destruction of homes and incomes, thousands of Bangladeshi migrants are fleeing to Dakhar, the capital.
The idea of a fund for “loss or damage” is controversial. Wealthy countries are reluctantly to assign a cost for their pollution. It will be discussed at this year’s United Nations Climate Talks COP27, hosted in Egypt by Africa’s turn.
Africa has contributed little to climate changes, but is “bearing most of the consequences,” said Mohamed Adow (director of Power Shift Africa in Nairobi).
He urged leaders to bring “plans to reduce emissions and provide the financing and support to communities that are facing drought” to COP27.
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