KATHMANDU NOVEMBER 08
Climate change has become a climate crisis in countries like Nepal. The global climate model suggests that climate change can have severe impacts at high elevations with complex topography such as Nepal.
The climate modelling scenario for Nepal currently describes two types disasters due to an increase in temperature.
These are both rapid disasters like floods or landslides and slow-onset disasters like drought, forest fires snow melts and sedimentation.
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change report (IPCC), has stated that Nepal will experience the adverse effects of climate change, despite its small contribution to greenhouse gas emission. Temperature rise is causing glacier melt to accelerate, leading to flash flooding. Water-related hazards are very common, especially during monsoons due to melting of glacier ice in mountain peaks and abundant rainfall in the foothills.
Due to the monsoon’s extreme rainfall, landslides occur frequently in the mid-hills. People suffer from food insecurity as agricultural activities are disrupted and forest and biodiversity loss is a result.
In Nepal, the climate crisis is causing more people to migrate from rural to urban areas.
Climate crisis is causing disruptions in drinking water, hygiene, and proper sanitation.
Scientific research can help reduce climate crisis through adaptation. According to the Intended Nationally Determined Contribution, (INDC), Nepal intends to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by setting 14 goals with the UN programme on Reducing Deforestation & Forest Degradation.
To combat the adverse effects of climate change, you can use natural barriers to reduce risk and shift traditional agricultural practices in order to increase food security.
Aquaponics in Nepal may be an innovative technology that can grow more vegetables per area and improve fish farming to meet increased food demand.
Greenhouse gas emissions can be reduced by using electrical appliances in our homes and daily lives.
All sectors need to be active in reducing the negative effects of climate changes. As the west says, “prevention is better that cure.” We all need to prepare for the impending climate crisis in the country. If nothing is done, it will become the norm.
A version of this article appeared in print on November 9, 2021 by The Himalayan Times.