The Turkish government is currently working on a long-term strategy and action plan for climate change that will help the country achieve its Paris Agreement targets.
Turkey’s efforts in combating climate change gained momentum with the signing of the agreement. The government hopes to complete work on a national statement and long-term strategy and action plan for climate change by the end of this year, in light of these developments.
President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan last September announced the country’s 2053 net-zero emissions and green development targets and confirmed it would become a party to the Paris Agreement at the 76th U.N. General Assembly.
The country ratified the agreement, and the Paris Agreement came into effect on November 10, 2021. As a party to this pact, it participated in the 26th U.N. Climate Change Conference (COP26), in Glasgow, Scotland.
Turkey has been working since then to chart a new path and has begun a strategic planning process in support of sustainable development, a green economy, and green technologies in accordance with the agreement’s goals.
The ratification of the Paris Agreement was a key step in Turkey’s fight against climate change. It was approved by Parliament on Oct. 6, following President Erdoğan’s announcement at the U.N. General Assembly.
The Official Gazette published the ratification decision on Oct. 7, and it was reported to the U.N. Secretariat Oct. 11.
In a series of changes, the Environment Ministry was renamed to the Environment, Urbanization and Climate Change Ministry, Oct. 29, 2021, and the Climate Change Department was established.
The Climate Change and Adaptation Coordination Board was also restructured in order to accelerate its work in areas related climate change.
Under the chairmanship Environment Minister Murat Kurum, the first meeting was held of the Climate Change and Adaptation Coordination Board.
The meeting covered updating the national contribution statement and preparing a long-term low carbon development strategy. It also discussed the Climate Law.
It also discussed project ideas and a joint study on priority area within the scope of a memorandum o’ understanding (MoU), which was signed with the Green Climate Fund last October.
The MoU aims to support climate-friendly investment in various fields like industry, agriculture and transportation. The funds are more than $3.1 million. This will help accelerate efforts to fight climate change.
Climate Council assistance in Konya
Turkey also held a Climate Council in central Anatolia’s Konya in February 2022, to determine the new road map in the fight against climate change.
This forum was attended by more than 1000 participants from public institutions, the private sector and universities, as well as artists and young climate ambassadors.
The council determined Turkey’s new roadmap in seven different areas, including climate change reduction, green finance, carbon pricing and adaptation to climate changes, local governments and migration, just transition, social policies, science, technology, and science.
After three months’ hard work, 217 decisions were made in accordance with 2053 net-zero emission and green development targets.
The council’s decisions laid the foundation for local governments to adopt climate change practices and responsibilities, plan urban infrastructure, create resilient and sustainable urban designs, and help develop support mechanisms.
These decisions will ensure a fair, equitable, and sustainable transition process in accordance with the 2053 net zero emission target.
They are expected to bring benefits such as the development of a national green financial strategy, a national green taxonomy law and an emission trading scheme.
The ministry will also work to combat climate change by establishing disaster early warning systems in all natural areas and the city centres of all 81 provincials with the Turkish National Climate Portal. Additionally, it will encourage citizens and municipalities alike to make widespread use of environmentally-friendly housing and vehicles.
The “Climate Law” is the most important factor in these studies’ success. The Environment Ministry is currently conducting studies that will provide the basis for the legislation.
The ministry continues to study the emissions trading system as well as the national green taxionomy, which will be implemented in 2024.
The ministry is currently preparing legislation to ensure that investments are sustainable. It aims to encourage private sector access to green financing.
The ministry is expected complete Turkey’s long-term climate change strategy, action plan, and national contribution statement by the end of 2012.
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